contravallation

contravallation

[kon-truh-vuh-ley-shuhn]
noun Fortification.
a more or less continuous chain of redoubts and breastworks raised by besiegers outside the line of circumvallation of a besieged place to protect the besiegers from attacks from the outside, as by a relieving force.

Origin:
1670–80; contra-1 + vallation; compare French contrevallation, Italian contravvallazione

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World English Dictionary
contravallation (ˌkɒntrəvəˈleɪʃən)
 
n
fortifications built by besiegers around the place besieged
 
[C17: from contra- + Latin vallātiō entrenchment; compare French contrevallation]

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