contravention

[kon-truh-ven-shuhn]
noun
an act of contravening; action counter to something; violation or opposition.

Origin:
1570–80; contravene + -tion; compare Middle French contrevention

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
contravene (ˌkɒntrəˈviːn)
 
vb
1.  to come into conflict with or infringe (rules, laws, etc)
2.  to dispute or contradict (a statement, proposition, etc)
 
[C16: from Late Latin contrāvenīre, from Latin contra- + venīre to come]
 
contra'vener
 
n
 
contravention
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

contravention
1570s, from Fr. contravention, from V.L. *contraventionem, noun of action from contravenire (see contravene).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

contravention

three classifications of criminal offense that are central to the administration of justice in many Roman- and civil-law countries (for distinctions in Anglo-American law covering analogous offenses, see felony and misdemeanour). Crimes in French law are the most serious offenses, punishable by death or prolonged imprisonment. A delit is any offense punishable by a short prison sentence, usually from one to five years, or a fine. Contraventions are minor offenses.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The use of emissions intensity is in contravention of this critical task.
Politicians who produce laws in direct contravention to basic human rights
  should stand trial for crimes against humanity.
Furthermore, the contravention of a free market solution should be no more
  extensive than necessary.
Here, appellants have not shown that the contractual limitation was
  unreasonable or in contravention of public policy.
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