corbel

[kawr-buhl] Architecture.
noun
1.
any bracket, especially one of brick or stone, usually of slight extent.
2.
a short horizontal timber supporting a girder.
verb (used with object), corbeled, corbeling or (especially British) corbelled, corbelling.
3.
to set (bricks, stones, etc.) so as to form a corbel or corbels (usually followed by out ).
4.
to support by means of a corbel or corbels.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin corvellus, equivalent to Latin corv(us) raven1 + -ellus diminutive suffix

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
corbel (ˈkɔːbəl)
 
n
1.  Also called: truss a bracket, usually of stone or brick
 
vb , -bels, -belling, -belled, -bels, -beling, -beled
2.  (tr) to lay (a stone or brick) so that it forms a corbel
 
[C15: from Old French, literally: a little raven, from Medieval Latin corvellus, from Latin corvus raven]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

corbel
mid-14c., from O.Fr. dim. of corb, from L. corvus "raven;" so called from its beaked shape.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The horizontality of the building's facade is emphasized with belt courses and a corbel table beneath the cornice line.
The first story is separated from the second by a pronounced corbel table.
A corbel table is a projecting moulded string course supported by a range of corbels.
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