any tree or shrub of the genus Cornus; dogwood.

1400–50; late Middle English corneille < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *cornicul(a), equivalent to Latin corn(us) cornel + -i- -i- + -cula -cule1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cornel (ˈkɔːnəl)
any cornaceous plant of the genus Cornus, such as the dogwood and dwarf cornel
[C16: probably from Middle Low German kornelle, from Old French cornelle, from Vulgar Latin cornicula (unattested), from Latin cornum cornel cherry, from cornus cornel tree]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

a type of tree or shrub with an edible fruit, 1550s, from Ger. cornel-baum, from O.H.G. cornul, from M.L. cornolium, from Fr. cornouille, from V.L. *cornuculum, from L. cornum "cornel-cherry." O.E. also had borrowed the L. word, in corntreow. The plant was noted for its hard wood, favored by the ancients
for making shafts of spears and arrows.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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