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Corning

[kawr-ning] /ˈkɔr nɪŋ/
noun
1.
a city in S New York.

corn1

[kawrn] /kɔrn/
noun
1.
Also called Indian corn; especially technical and British, maize. a tall cereal plant, Zea mays, cultivated in many varieties, having a jointed, solid stem and bearing the grain, seeds, or kernels on large ears.
2.
the grain, seeds, or kernels of this plant, used for human food or for fodder.
3.
the ears of this plant.
4.
the edible seed of certain other cereal plants, especially wheat in England and oats in Scotland.
5.
the plants themselves.
8.
Skiing. corn snow.
9.
Informal. old-fashioned, trite, or mawkishly sentimental material, as a joke, a story, or music.
verb (used with object)
10.
to preserve and season with salt in grains.
11.
to preserve and season with brine.
12.
to granulate, as gunpowder.
13.
to plant (land) with corn.
14.
to feed with corn.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English, Old English; cognate with Dutch koren, Old Norse korn, German Korn, Gothic kaúrn; akin to Latin grānum grain, Russian zernó
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Corning

corn1

/kɔːn/
noun
1.
(Brit)
  1. any of various cereal plants, esp the predominant crop of a region, such as wheat in England and oats in Scotland and Ireland
  2. the seeds of such plants, esp after harvesting
  3. a single seed of such plants; a grain
2.
Also called Indian corn, British equivalent maize
  1. a tall annual grass, Zea mays, cultivated for its yellow edible grains, which develop on a spike
  2. the grain of this plant, used for food, fodder, and as a source of oil See also sweet corn (sense 1), popcorn (sense 1)
3.
  1. the plants producing these kinds of grain considered as a growing crop: spring corn
  2. (in combination): a cornfield
4.
short for corn whisky
5.
(slang) an idea, song, etc, regarded as banal or sentimental
6.
(archaic or dialect) any hard particle or grain
verb (transitive)
7.
to feed (animals) with corn, esp oats
8.
  1. to preserve in brine
  2. to salt
9.
to plant corn on
Word Origin
Old English corn; related to Old Norse, Old High German corn, Gothic kaúrn, Latin grānum, Sanskrit jīrná fragile

corn2

/kɔːn/
noun
1.
a hardening or thickening of the skin around a central point in the foot, caused by pressure or friction
2.
(Brit, informal) tread on someone's corns, to offend or hurt someone by touching on a sensitive subject or encroaching on his privileges
Word Origin
C15: from Old French corne horn, from Latin cornū
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Corning

corn

n.

"grain," Old English corn, from Proto-Germanic *kurnam "small seed" (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon korn "grain," Middle Dutch coren, German Korn, Old Norse korn, Gothic kaurn), from PIE root *gre-no- "grain" (cf. Old Church Slavonic zruno "grain," Latin granum "seed," Lithuanian žirnis "pea"). The sense of the Old English word was "grain with the seed still in" (e.g. barleycorn) rather than a particular plant.

Locally understood to denote the leading crop of a district. Restricted to the indigenous "maize" in America (c.1600, originally Indian corn, but the adjective was dropped), usually wheat in England, oats in Scotland and Ireland, while Korn means "rye" in parts of Germany. Maize was introduced to China by 1550, it thrived where rice did not grow well and was a significant factor in the 18th century population boom there. Cornflakes first recorded 1907. Corned beef so called for the "corns" or grains of salt with which it is preserved; from verb corn "to salt" (1560s).

"hardening of skin," early 15c., from Old French corne (13c.) "horn (of an animal)," later, "corn on the foot," from Latin cornu "horn" (see horn (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Corning in Medicine

corn 2 (kôrn)
n.
A small conical callosity caused by pressure over a bony prominence, usually on a toe. Also called clavus, heloma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for Corning

corn

noun
  1. Corn whiskey; moonshine (1820+)
  2. Music, poetry, sentiment, etc, that is maudlin and naively affirmative of old-fashioned values; banal and emotionally overwrought material; schmaltz (1930+ Jazz musicians)

[second sense probably from the notion of cornfed as indicating rural simplicity and naivete]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Corning in the Bible

The word so rendered (dagan) in Gen. 27:28, 37, Num. 18:27, Deut. 28:51, Lam. 2:12, is a general term representing all the commodities we usually describe by the words corn, grain, seeds, peas, beans. With this corresponds the use of the word in John 12:24. In Gen. 41:35, 49, Prov. 11:26, Joel 2:24 ("wheat"), the word thus translated (bar; i.e., "winnowed") means corn purified from chaff. With this corresponds the use of the word in the New Testament (Matt. 3:12; Luke 3:17; Acts 7:12). In Ps. 65:13 it means "growing corn." In Gen. 42:1, 2, 19, Josh. 9:14, Neh. 10:31 ("victuals"), the word (sheber; i.e., "broken," i.e., grist) denotes generally victuals, provisions, and corn as a principal article of food. From the time of Solomon, corn began to be exported from Palestine (Ezek. 27:17; Amos 8:5). "Plenty of corn" was a part of Issac's blessing conferred upon Jacob (Gen. 27:28; comp. Ps. 65:13).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for Corning

city, Steuben county, south-central New York, U.S. It lies on the Chemung River, near the Pennsylvania border, 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Elmira. Settled in 1789, it was named in 1837 for Erastus Corning, promoter of a railroad connecting Pennsylvania coal mines with the Chemung Canal. Corning Incorporated (formerly Corning Glass Works), the city's chief industry, originated in 1868 as the Brooklyn Flint Glass Works and produces Steuben and flat glass, bulbs, tubing, fibre optics, and aerospace products. The Corning Glass Center (1951) houses a historical collection of glass (including the original, imperfectly cast 200-inch [5-metre] telescope mirror made in 1934 for the Palomar Observatory in California, where the second casting is now in use) and a notable library. Other manufactures include air compressors (at nearby Painted Post) and store fixtures. Corning Community College, now part of the State University of New York system, was founded in 1956. The Rockwell Museum includes a collection of American Western art. More than 2,000 homes were destroyed when floodwaters ravaged the city in June 1972. Inc. village, 1848; city, 1890. Pop. (1990) 11,938; (2000) 10,842.

Learn more about Corning with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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