corps

[kawr, kohr]
noun, plural corps [kawrz, kohrz] .
1.
Military.
a.
a military organization consisting of officers and enlisted personnel or of officers alone: the U.S. Marine Corps; corps of cadets.
b.
a military unit of ground combat forces consisting of two or more divisions and other troops.
2.
a group of persons associated or acting together: the diplomatic corps; the press corps.
3.
Printing. a Continental designation that, preceded by a number, indicates size of type in Didot points of 0.0148 inches (3.8 mm): 14 corps.
4.
Obsolete, corpse.

Origin:
1225–75; Middle English corps, cors < Middle French < Latin corpus body; see corpse

core, corp, corps, corpse, corpus.


2. team, force, crew, band.
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World English Dictionary
corps (kɔː)
 
n , pl corps
1.  a military formation that comprises two or more divisions and additional support arms
2.  a military body with a specific function: intelligence corps; medical corps
3.  a body of people associated together: the diplomatic corps
 
[C18: from French, from Latin corpus body]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

corps
late 13c., cors "body," from O.Fr. cors, from L. corpus "body" (see corporeal). French restored the Latin -p- in 14c., and English followed 15c., but the pronunciation remained "corse" at first and corse persisted as a parallel formation. After the -p- began to be sounded
(16c. in English), corse became archaic or poetic only. Sense in Eng. evolved from "dead body" (13c.) to "live body" (14c.) to "body of citizens" (15c.) to "band of knights" (1464). The modern military sense (1704) is from Fr. corps d'armée (16c.), picked up in Eng. during Marlborough's campaigns.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But to keep track of the uniforms, the corps has adopted a modern approach.
The corps was a military expedition, an invading army without the gooey
  unpleasantness of a real campaign.
Anybody who's been in the submarine corps will appreciate that.
But the corps further concluded that such scouring would deepen the river
  enough to accommodate even a huge flood.
Image for corps
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