something that is substituted or proposed for what is wrong or inaccurate; emendation.
the act of correcting.
punishment intended to reform, improve, or rehabilitate; chastisement; reproof.
Usually, corrections. the various methods, as incarceration, parole, and probation, by which society deals with convicted offenders.
a quantity applied or other adjustment made in order to increase accuracy, as in the use of an instrument or the solution of a problem: A five degree correction will put the ship on course.
a reversal of the trend of stock prices, especially temporarily, as after a sharp advance or decline in the previous trading sessions.

1300–50; Middle English correccio(u)n (< Anglo-French) < Latin corrēctiōn- (stem of corrēctiō) a setting straight. See correct, -ion

noncorrection, noun
precorrection, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
correction (kəˈrɛkʃən)
1.  the act or process of correcting
2.  something offered or substituted for an error; an improvement
3.  the act or process of punishing; reproof
4.  a number or quantity added to or subtracted from a scientific or mathematical calculation or observation to increase its accuracy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "action of correcting," from Fr. correction, from L. correctionem, noun of action from pp. stem of corrigere (see correct). Meaning "chastizement" is from late 14c. Meaning "an instance of correction" is from 1520s. House of correction was in a royal statute from 1575.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Thanks for the correction: it's now correct in the blog.
Thank you for the acknowledgement and the correction.
Slight correction to be made in your first paragraph.
But that only allows correction for distortions along one line of sight.
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