corrosive

[kuh-roh-siv]
adjective
1.
having the quality of corroding or eating away; erosive.
2.
harmful or destructive; deleterious: the corrosive effect of poverty on their marriage.
3.
sharply sarcastic; caustic: corrosive comments on the speaker's integrity.
noun
4.
something corrosive, as an acid or drug.

Origin:
1350–1400; late Middle English (< Middle French) < Medieval Latin corrōsīvus, equivalent to Latin corrōs(us) (see corrosion) + -īvus -ive; replacing Middle English corosif < Middle French < Latin as above

corrosively, adverb
corrosiveness, corrosivity [kawr-oh-siv-i-tee, kor-] , noun
noncorrosive, adjective
noncorrosively, adverb
noncorrosiveness, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
corrosive (kəˈrəʊsɪv)
 
adj
1.  (esp of acids or alkalis) capable of destroying solid materials
2.  tending to eat away or consume
3.  cutting; sarcastic: a corrosive remark
 
n
4.  a corrosive substance, such as a strong acid or alkali
 
cor'rosively
 
adv
 
cor'rosiveness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

corrosive
late 14c., from Fr. corrosif (14c.), from corroder (see corrode).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

corrosive cor·ro·sive (kə-rō'sĭv, -zĭv)
adj.
Causing or tending to cause the gradual destruction of a substance by chemical action. n.
A substance having the capability or tendency to cause slow destruction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Many will pick up habits that have a corrosive cultural influence on those
  around them.
They hand-dip electrolytic plates into corrosive chemical solutions.
Hydrofluoric acid is in fact incredibly corrosive and dangerous.
It is best to avoid physical contact with oxalic acid as it is a harmful
  substance which is corrosive.
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