costard

costard

[kos-terd, kaw-sterd]
noun
1.
a large English variety of apple.
2.
Archaic. the head.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English, perhaps < Anglo-French, equivalent to coste rib (see coast) + -ard -ard, alluding to the ridges or ribs of the variety

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World English Dictionary
costard (ˈkʌstəd)
 
n
1.  an English variety of apple tree
2.  the large ribbed apple of this tree
3.  archaic, jocular a slang word for head
 
[C14: from Anglo-Norman, from Old French coste rib]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

costard
late 13c., coster, perhaps from Anglo-Fr. or O.Fr. coste "rib" (from L. costa "rib"). A kind of large apple with prominent "ribs," i.e. one having a shape more like a green pepper than a plain, round apple. Also applied derisively to "the head." Common 14c.-17c. but limited to fruit-growers afterward.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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