countenance

[koun-tn-uhns]
noun
1.
appearance, especially the look or expression of the face: a sad countenance.
2.
the face; visage.
3.
calm facial expression; composure.
4.
approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.
5.
Obsolete. bearing; behavior.
verb (used with object), countenanced, countenancing.
6.
to permit or tolerate: You should not have countenanced his rudeness.
7.
to approve, support, or encourage.
Idioms
8.
out of countenance, visibly disconcerted; abashed: He was somewhat out of countenance at the prospect of an apology.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English cuntenaunce behavior, bearing, self-control < Anglo-French cuntena(u)nce, Old French contenance < Latin continentia; see continence

countenancer, noun
uncountenanced, adjective
undercountenance, noun


2. See face.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
countenance (ˈkaʊntɪnəns)
 
n
1.  the face, esp when considered as expressing a person's character or mood: a pleasant countenance
2.  support or encouragement; sanction
3.  composure; self-control (esp in the phrases keeporlose one's countenance; out of countenance)
 
vb
4.  to support or encourage; sanction
5.  to tolerate; endure
 
[C13: from Old French contenance mien, behaviour, from Latin continentia restraint, control; see contain]
 
'countenancer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

countenance
mid-13c., from O.Fr. countenance "demeanor, bearing, conduct," from L. continentia "restraint," lit. "way one contains oneself," from continere (see contain). Meaning evolving M.E. from "appearance" to "facial expression betraying a state of mind," to "face" itself (late
14c.). The verb "to favor, patronize" is from 1560s, from notion of "to look upon with sanction or smiles."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We would never countenance such work in humans, they say.
His countenance, in this repose, was mild and kindly.
His countenance was pleasant, and seemed but little altered.
Under this unrighteous and oppressive treatment, universal sadness is written
  on every countenance.
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