[n. koun-ter-bal-uhns; v. koun-ter-bal-uhns]
a weight balancing another weight; an equal weight, power, or influence acting in opposition; counterpoise.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), counterbalanced, counterbalancing.
to act against or oppose with an equal weight, force, or influence; offset.

1570–80; counter- + balance

uncounterbalanced, adjective

2. correct, countervail, rectify, balance. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  a weight or force that balances or offsets another
2.  to act as a counterbalance

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1570s (n.), from counter- + balance, in reference to scales. Figurative use dates from 1630s. As a verb, from c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In fact, these factors may counterbalance or completely offset the negative
  consequences of the anxiety-related traits.
Point is, more greenhouse in the past was a convenient counterbalance against
  less solar energy.
Improving technologies set up a strange counterbalance for people with
  prothetic limbs.
His arms provide counterbalance, waving in controlled, tai-chi-style movements.
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