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counterfort

[koun-ter-fawrt, -fohrt] /ˈkaʊn tərˌfɔrt, -ˌfoʊrt/
noun
1.
a buttress, especially one for strengthening a basement wall against the pressure of earth.
2.
a cantilevered weight, as in a retaining wall, having the form of a pier built on the side of the material to be retained.
Origin of counterfort
1580-1590
1580-90; partial translation of Middle French contrefort, equivalent to contre counter- + fort strength (derivative of fort (adj.) strong)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for counterfort

counterfort

/ˈkaʊntəˌfɔːt/
noun
1.
(civil engineering) a strengthening buttress at right angles to a retaining wall, bonded to it to prevent overturning or to increase its bending strength
Word Origin
from a partial translation of French contrefort, from contre counter + fort strength; see fort
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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