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cram

[kram] /kræm/
verb (used with object), crammed, cramming.
1.
to fill (something) by force with more than it can easily hold.
2.
to force or stuff (usually followed by into, down, etc.).
3.
to fill with or as with an excessive amount of food; overfeed.
4.
Informal.
  1. to prepare (a person), as for an examination, by having him or her memorize information within a short period of time.
  2. to acquire knowledge of (a subject) by so preparing oneself.
5.
Archaic. to tell lies to.
verb (used without object), crammed, cramming.
6.
to eat greedily or to excess.
7.
to study for an examination by memorizing facts at the last minute.
8.
to press or force accommodation in a room, vehicle, etc., beyond normal or comfortable capacity; crowd; jam:
The whole team crammed into the bus.
noun
9.
Informal. the act of cramming for an examination.
10.
a crammed state.
11.
a dense crowd; throng.
Origin of cram
1000
before 1000; Middle English crammen, Old English crammian to stuff, akin to crimman to put in
Related forms
crammingly, adverb
well-crammed, adjective
Synonyms
1. crowd, pack, squeeze, compress, overcrowd. 3. glut. 6. gorge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for cramming
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Say enough, then, ordered Agnes, cramming some more snow down the victims neck.

  • Carefully consider your experience from cramming your lessons.

    The Mind and Its Education George Herbert Betts
  • But if we wish to acquire and organize facts for their permanent value, cramming is not the proper procedure.

    The Science of Human Nature William Henry Pyle
  • I think it is low Thus to be stuffing and cramming your maw, Robbing the farmers!

    Eyebright Susan Coolidge
  • You have no idea what cramming is necessary, now, for a young fellow to pass into the army.

  • It was popularly supposed that they were cramming for an important examination.

    The Forsyte Saga, Complete John Galsworthy
  • When the teachers or the professors give notes to be copied by the pupils and memorized, they are cramming.

    Dickens As an Educator James L. (James Laughlin) Hughes
  • Miss Bessie was with her, and they were cramming things into a portmanteau.

    Beautiful Joe Marshall Saunders
British Dictionary definitions for cramming

cram

/kræm/
verb crams, cramming, crammed
1.
(transitive) to force (people, material, etc) into (a room, container, etc) with more than it can hold; stuff
2.
to eat or cause to eat more than necessary
3.
(informal) to study or cause to study (facts, etc), esp for an examination, by hastily memorizing
noun
4.
the act or condition of cramming
5.
a crush
Word Origin
Old English crammian; related to Old Norse kremja to press

Cram

/kræm/
noun
1.
Steve. born 1960, English middle-distance runner: European 1500 m champion (1981, 1986); world 1500 m champion (1983)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cramming

cram

v.

Old English crammian "press something into something else," from Proto-Germanic *kram-/*krem- (cf. Old High German krimman "to press, pinch," Old Norse kremja "to squeeze, pinch"), from PIE root *ger- "to gather" (cf. Sanskrit gramah "heap, troop," Old Church Slavonic gramota "heap," Latin gremium "bosom, lap"). Meaning "study intensely for an exam" originally was British student slang first recorded 1803. Related: Crammed; cramming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for cramming

cram

modifier

: a cram session/ cram book

noun

A very diligent student; grind (1900s+)

verb

To study intensively for an upcoming examination (1803+ British students)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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15
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