groom

[groom, groom]
noun
1.
a bridegroom.
2.
a man or boy in charge of horses or the stable.
3.
any of several officers of the English royal household.
4.
Archaic. a manservant.
verb (used with object)
5.
to tend carefully as to person and dress; make neat or tidy.
6.
to clean, brush, and otherwise tend (a horse, dog, etc.).
7.
to prepare for a position, election, etc.: The mayor is being groomed for the presidency.
8.
(of an animal) to tend (itself or another) by removing dirt, parasites, or specks of other matter from the fur, skin, feathers, etc.: often performed as a social act.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English grom boy, groom; apparently akin to grow

groomer, noun
groomish, adjective
groomishly, adverb
nongrooming, adjective
regroom, verb (used with object)
ungroomed, adjective


7. educate, train, coach, drill, tutor.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
groom (ɡruːm, ɡrʊm)
 
n
1.  a person employed to clean and look after horses
2.  See bridegroom
3.  any of various officers of a royal or noble household
4.  archaic a male servant or attendant
5.  archaic, poetic a young man
 
vb
6.  to make or keep (clothes, appearance, etc) clean and tidy
7.  to rub down, clean, and smarten (a horse, dog, etc)
8.  to train or prepare for a particular task, occupation, etc: to groom someone for the Presidency
9.  to win the confidence of (a victim) in order to a commit sexual assault on him or her
 
[C13 grom manservant; perhaps related to Old English grōwan to grow]
 
'groomer
 
n
 
'grooming
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

groom
early 13c., grome "male child, boy, youth." No known cognates in other Germanic languages. Perhaps from O.E. *groma, related to growan "grow;" or from O.Fr. grommet "servant" (cf. M.E. gromet "ship's boy," early 13c.). The fact is, it appeared 13c. and nobody knows from whence. Meaning "male servant
who attends to horses" is from 1660s. The verb is first attested 1809; the transferred sense of "to tidy (oneself) up" is from 1843; figurative sense of "to prepare a candidate" is from 1887, originally in U.S. politics.

groom
husband-to-be at a wedding, 1604, short for bridegroom (q.v.), from O.E. guma "man."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

grooming

self-grooming, as the action of a bird in preening its feathers, or mutual grooming as part of species behaviour, as among monkeys and other mammalian groups. Mutual grooming, which is often derived from display behaviour, cements social bonds between individuals of a group or colony. The term preening is usually used to describe cleaning behaviour in birds. In some birds, oil from the preen gland, picked up from the feathers after exposure to sunlight, is a major source of vitamin D. A form of cleaning behaviour called cleaning symbiosis occurs between certain fishes or between certain shrimps and fishes. The cleaner is allowed by the recipient fish to clean the latter of external parasites, which the cleaner eats. Both cleaner and cleaned thereby benefit.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
It's supposed to help the bees' general health, and stimulate grooming behavior.
She was grooming it and moving it along with all the live cubs.
Some were grooming the lawn, some were erect and looking around, some were chasing others.
After a while, the roach starts grooming itself furiously for some time, followed by complete stillness.
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