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crinoline

[krin-l-in] /ˈkrɪn l ɪn/
noun
1.
a petticoat of haircloth or other stiff material, worn under a full skirt to keep it belled out.
2.
a stiff, coarse cotton material for interlining.
3.
a hoop skirt.
4.
a reinforcement of iron straps for holding together brickwork, as of a furnace or chimney.
Origin of crinoline
1820-1830
1820-30; < French < Italian crinolino, equivalent to crino horse-hair (≪ Latin crīnis hair) + lino flax < Latin līnum; cf. linen
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for crinoline

crinoline

/ˈkrɪnəlɪn/
noun
1.
a stiff fabric, originally of horsehair and linen used in lining garments
2.
a petticoat stiffened with this, worn to distend skirts, esp in the mid-19th century
3.
a framework of steel hoops worn for the same purpose
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Italian crinolino, from crino horsehair, from Latin crīnis hair + lino flax, from Latin līnum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for crinoline
n.

1830, from French crinoline "hair cloth" (19c.), from Italian crinolino, from crino "horsehair" (from Latin crinis "hair") + lino "flax, thread," from Latin linum (see linen). So called from the warp and woof fibers of the original mixture.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
15
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