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[kroh-mag-nuh n, -non, -man-yuh n] /kroʊˈmæg nən, -nɒn, -ˈmæn yən/
an Upper Paleolithic population of humans, regarded as the prototype of modern Homo sapiens in Europe. Skeletal remains found in an Aurignacian cave in southern France indicate that the Cro-Magnon had long heads, broad faces, and sunken eyes, and reached a height of approximately 5 feet 9 inches (175 cm).
a member of the Cro-Magnon population.
Origin of Cro-Magnon
1865-70; named after the cave (near Périgueux, France) where the first remains were found Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Cro-Magnon in Science
  (krō-māg'nən, -mān'yən)   
An early form of modern human (Homo sapiens) inhabiting Europe in the late Paleolithic Period, from about 40,000 to 10,000 years ago, characterized by a broad face and tall stature. It is known from skeletal remains first found in the Cro-Magnon cave in southern France. Cro-Magnons coexisted with European Neanderthal populations for several thousand years, although there is little evidence of interbreeding. See more at Aurignacian.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Cro-Magnon in Culture
Cro-Magnon [(kroh-mag-nuhn, kroh-man-yuhn)]

The earliest form of modern humans. The Cro-Magnons developed about 35,000 years ago and physically resembled modern Europeans. (See Homo sapiens.)

Note: Cro-Magnon people painted the walls of their caves, producing some of the earliest known human art.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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