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cryptoporticus

[krip-tuh-pawr-ti-kuh s, -pohr-] /ˌkrɪp təˈpɔr tɪ kəs, -ˈpoʊr-/
noun, plural cryptoporticus.
1.
a covered passage, as one underground, lighted on one side.
2.
a portico at the entrance to a crypt.
Origin
1675-1685
1675-85; < Latin: covered passage; see crypto-, portico
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for cryptoporticus

a covered gallery that was a characteristic feature of the ancient Roman palazzo. It was usually designed to provide shade and a cool place for walking. Such a gallery was part of the Roman emperor Diocletian's Palace at Spalatro (Split, Croatia) and the House of the Cryptoporticus in Pompeii. Sometimes the cryptoporticus served a dual purpose; a vaulted passage, partly decorated with fine stucco, was built by the emperor Nero in about AD 65, primarily to connect his palace, the so-called Golden House of Nero, with other imperial palaces on the Palatine Hill.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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