cudbear

cudbear

[kuhd-bair]
noun
a violet coloring matter obtained from various lichens, especially Lecanora tartarea.

Origin:
1760–70; coinage by Dr. Cuthbert Gordon, 18th-century Scottish chemist, based on his own name

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cudbear (ˈkʌdˌbɛə)
 
n
another name for orchil
 
[C18: whimsical alteration of Cuthbert, the Christian name of Dr Gordon, 18th-century Scot who patented the dye. See cuddy²]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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cudbear

violet, red, or bluish dyestuff, considered similar to orchil and used in colouring pharmaceuticals; also any colour obtained from this dye. Cudbear is also the common name for the lichens (Ochrolechia, Roccella, Lecanora) from which the dye is derived

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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