cuirass

cuirass

[kwi-ras]
noun
1.
Also called corselet. defensive armor for the torso comprising a breastplate and backplate, originally made of leather.
2.
either of the plates forming such armor.
3.
any similar covering, as the protective armor of a ship.
4.
Zoology. a hard shell or other covering forming an indurated defensive shield.
verb (used with object)
5.
to equip or cover with a cuirass.

Origin:
1425–75; < French cuirasse < Late Latin coriācea, noun use of feminine of coriāceus (adj.) leather, equivalent to Latin cori(um) leather + -āceus -aceous; replacing late Middle English curas < Middle French curasse, variant of cuirasse

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
cuirass (kwɪˈræs)
 
n
1.  a piece of armour, of leather or metal covering the chest and back
2.  a hard outer protective covering of some animals, consisting of shell, plate, or scales
3.  any similar protective covering, as on a ship
 
vb
4.  (tr) to equip with a cuirass
 
[C15: from French cuirasse, from Late Latin coriacea, from coriaceus made of leather, from Latin corium leather]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cuirass
1464, from M.Fr. cuirasse, from L.L. coriacea vestis "garment of leather," from L. corium "leather, hide."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cuirass

body armour that protects the torso of the wearer above the waist or hips. Originally it was a thick leather garment covering the body from neck to waist, consisting of a breastplate and a backpiece fastened together with straps and buckles and a gorget, a collar protecting the throat. In Homeric and Hellenistic times, it was made of bronze. Cuirasses of leather as well as iron were worn by officers in the armies of the Roman Empire. Later made of steel, the cuirass was forerunner to the body armour worn to deflect bullets.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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