verb (used with object), cultivated, cultivating.
to prepare and work on (land) in order to raise crops; till.
to use a cultivator on.
to promote or improve the growth of (a plant, crop, etc.) by labor and attention.
to produce by culture: to cultivate a strain of bacteria.
to develop or improve by education or training; train; refine: to cultivate a singing voice.
to promote the growth or development of (an art, science, etc.); foster.
to devote oneself to (an art, science, etc.).
to seek to promote or foster (friendship, love, etc.).
to seek the acquaintance or friendship of (a person).

1610–20; < Medieval Latin cultīvātus (past participle of cultīvāre to till), equivalent to cultīv(us) (Latin cult(us), past participle of colere to care for, till (cf. cult) + -īvus -ive) + -ātus -ate1

overcultivate, verb (used with object), overcultivated, overcultivating.
precultivate, verb (used with object), precultivated, precultivating.
recultivate, verb (used with object), recultivated, recultivating. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cultivate (ˈkʌltɪˌveɪt)
1.  to till and prepare (land or soil) for the growth of crops
2.  to plant, tend, harvest, or improve (plants) by labour and skill
3.  to break up (land or soil) with a cultivator or hoe
4.  to improve or foster (the mind, body, etc) as by study, education, or labour
5.  to give special attention to: to cultivate a friendship; to cultivate a hobby
6.  to give or bring culture to (a person, society, etc); civilize
[C17: from Medieval Latin cultivāre to till, from Old French cultiver, from Medieval Latin cultīvus cultivable, from Latin cultus cultivated, from colere to till, toil over]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1620, from M.L. cultivatus, pp. of cultivare, from L.L. cultivus "tilled," from L. cultus (see cult). Figurative sense of "improve by training or education" is from 1680s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And our pedagogical challenge will be to combine hyper attention with deep
  attention and to cultivate both.
After tenure, it is time to cultivate that gentle art for the sake of things
  you care about more than interpersonal relations.
They have no house to inhabit, no land to cultivate, nor any domestic charge or
Too busy to nurture his inner angst and cultivate his insanity.
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