a closet with shelves for dishes, cups, etc.
Chiefly British. any small closet or cabinet, as for clothes, food, or the like.

1275–1325; Middle English cuppebord. See cup, board Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cupboard (ˈkʌbəd)
a piece of furniture or a recessed area of a room, with a door concealing storage space

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., "a board or table to place cups and like objects," from cup + board. As a type of closed cabinet for food, etc., from early 16c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


type of furniture that originated in the Middle Ages as a board or table for cups. The word also may have been used for a stepped sideboard and later for open shelves, both to display plate. Since the 16th century the name has referred to a case fitted with doors.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Yale is only one of the many teapots in the national cupboard in which these
  tempests are occurring.
Add in what never even makes it to the cupboard or the refrigerator, and the
  scale of the problem is considerably larger.
Before shopping at the market, see what's in your refrigerator and cupboard.
In fact, you'll need to clear out a pretty big cupboard to store a water bath
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