eager or excessive desire, especially to possess something; greed; avarice.

1400–50; late Middle English cupidite (< Middle French) < Latin cupiditās, equivalent to cupid(us) eager, desirous (cup(ere) to desire + -idus -id4) + -itās -ity

cupidinous [kyoo-pid-n-uhs] , adjective

covetousness, avidity, hunger, acquisitiveness. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cupidity (kjuːˈpɪdɪtɪ)
strong desire, esp for possessions or money; greed
[C15: from Latin cupiditās, from cupidus eagerly desiring, from cupere to long for]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-15c., from Anglo-Fr. cupidite, from M.Fr. cupidité, from L. cupiditas "passionate desire," from cupidus "eager, passionate," from cupere "to desire" (perhaps cognate with Skt. kupyati "bubbles up, becomes agitated," O.Slav. kypeti "to boil," Lith. kupeti "to boil over"). Despite the erotic
sense of the Latin word, in English cupidity originally, and still especially, means "desire for wealth."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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