a bad-tempered, difficult, cantankerous person.

1570–80; unexplained; perhaps cur- representing cur

curmudgeonly, adjective

grouch, crank, bear, sourpuss, crosspatch. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
curmudgeon (kɜːˈmʌdʒən)
a surly or miserly person
[C16: of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1577, of unknown origin; Johnson's suggestion that it is from Fr. coeur mechant "evil heart" is no longer taken seriously; the first syllable may be cur "dog."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Certainly our gallery visitors don't want to get into a deep philosophical
  discussion with a cranky curmudgeon.
The problem, dear curmudgeon, is in ourselves and not in our stars.
He is apparently a curmudgeon who thinks everyone is intellectually beneath him.
When presented with the policy there is not a lot the old curmudgeon can do
  except follow it.
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