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cutlass

[kuht-luh s] /ˈkʌt ləs/
noun
1.
a short, heavy, slightly curved sword with a single cutting edge, formerly used by sailors.
Also, cutlas.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; earlier coutelace < Middle French coutelas, equivalent to coutel knife (French couteau) (< Latin cultellus; see cultellus) + -as augmentative suffix; cognate with Italian coltellaccio big knife; cf. curtalax
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cutlass

cutlass

/ˈkʌtləs/
noun
1.
a curved, one-edged sword formerly used by sailors
Word Origin
C16: from French coutelas, from coutel knife, from Latin cultellus a small knife, from culter knife; see coulter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cutlass
n.

1590s, from Middle French coutelas (16c.), probably from Italian coltellaccio "large knife" (with augmentative suffix -accio), from coltello "knife," from Latin cultellus "small knife," diminutive of culter "knife, plowshare," from PIE *kel-tro-, from root *(s)kel- "to cut" (see scale (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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