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[sahy-uh-nahyd, -nid] /ˈsaɪ əˌnaɪd, -nɪd/
Also, cyanid, C10/C1079000 sahy-uh-nid, ˈsaɪ ə nɪd. Chemistry.
  1. a salt of hydrocyanic acid, as potassium cyanide, KCN.
  2. a nitrile, as methyl cyanide, C 2 H 3 N.
verb (used with object), cyanided, cyaniding.
to treat with a cyanide, as an ore in order to extract gold.
Origin of cyanide
1820-30; cyan-3 + -ide
Related forms
subcyanid, noun
subcyanide, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for cyanide


any salt of hydrocyanic acid. Cyanides contain the ion CN and are extremely poisonous
another name (not in technical usage) for nitrile
Derived Forms
cyanidation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cyanide

a salt of hydrocyanic acid, 1826, coined from cyan-, comb. form for carbon and nitrogen compounds, from Greek kyanos "dark blue" (see cyan) + chemical ending -ide, on analogy of chloride. So called because it first had been obtained by heating the dye pigment powder known as Prussian blue (see Prussian).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cyanide in Medicine

cyanide cy·a·nide (sī'ə-nīd') or cy·a·nid (-nĭd)
Any of various salts or esters of hydrogen cyanide containing a CN group, especially the extremely poisonous compounds potassium cyanide and sodium cyanide.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cyanide in Science
Any of a large group of chemical compounds containing the radical CN, especially the very poisonous salts sodium cyanide and potassium cyanide. Cyanides are used to make plastics and to extract and treat metals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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