cypress

cypress

1 [sahy-pruhs]
noun
1.
any of several evergreen coniferous trees constituting the genus Cupressus, having dark-green, scalelike, overlapping leaves.
2.
any of various other coniferous trees of allied genera, as the bald cypress.
3.
any of various unrelated plants resembling the true cypress.
4.
the wood of these trees or plants.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English, Old English cypresse < Late Latin cypressus, apparently blend of Latin cupressus and cyparissus < Greek kypárissos; replacing Middle English cipres < Anglo-French, Old French < Late Latin, as above

Dictionary.com Unabridged

cypress

2 [sahy-pruhs]
noun Obsolete.
a fine, thin fabric resembling lawn or crepe, formerly used in black for mourning garments and trimmings.
Also, cyprus.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English cipre(s), cyprus, after Cyprus

Cypress

[sahy-pruhs]
noun
a city in SW California.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
cypress1 (ˈsaɪprəs)
 
n
1.  See also Leyland cypress any coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Cupressus, having dark green scalelike leaves and rounded cones: family Cupressaceae
2.  any of several similar and related trees, such as the widely cultivated Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson's cypress), of the western US
3.  any of various other coniferous trees, esp the swamp cypress
4.  the wood of any of these trees
 
[Old English cypresse, from Latin cyparissus, from Greek kuparissos; related to Latin cupressus]

cypress or cyprus2 (ˈsaɪprəs)
 
n
a fabric, esp a fine silk, lawn, or crepelike material, often black and worn as mourning
 
[C14 cyprus from the island of Cyprus]
 
cyprus or cyprus2
 
n
 
[C14 cyprus from the island of Cyprus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cypress
late 12c., from O.Fr. cipres, from L. cyparissus, from Gk. kyparissos, from an unknown pre-Greek Mediterranean language. Perhaps related to Heb. gopher, name of the tree whose wood was used to make the ark (Gen. vi.14).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Cypress definition


(Heb. tirzah, "hardness"), mentioned only in Isa. 44:14 (R.V., "holm tree"). The oldest Latin version translates this word by ilex, i.e., the evergreen oak, which may possibly have been the tree intended; but there is great probability that our Authorized Version is correct in rendering it "cypress." This tree grows abundantly on the mountains of Hermon. Its wood is hard and fragrant, and very durable. Its foliage is dark and gloomy. It is an evergreen (Cupressus sempervirens). "Throughout the East it is used as a funereal tree; and its dark, tall, waving plumes render it peculiarly appropriate among the tombs."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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