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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

czardas

[chahr-dahsh] /ˈtʃɑr dɑʃ/
noun
1.
a Hungarian national dance in two movements, one slow and the other fast.
Also, csardas.
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; < Hungarian csárdás, equivalent to csárda wayside tavern (< Serbo-Croatian čcȁrdāk orig., watchtower < Turkish < Persian chārtāk four-cornered room; čār four + tāk vault) + -s adj. suffix; earlier csárdák was analyzed as csárda + -k plural suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for czardas

czardas

/ˈtʃɑːdæʃ/
noun
1.
a Hungarian national dance of alternating slow and fast sections
2.
a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
Word Origin
from Hungarian csárdás
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for czardas

csardas

national dance of Hungary. A courting dance for couples, it begins with a slow section (lassu), followed by an exhilarating fast section (friss). The individual dancers carry themselves proudly and improvise on a simple fundamental step, their feet snapping inward and outward, the couples whirling. The music, often played by a Gypsy orchestra, is in 24 or 44 time with compelling, syncopated rhythms. The czardas developed in the 19th century from an earlier folk dance, the magyar kor. A ballroom dance adapted from the czardas is popular in eastern Europe. A theatrical czardas with complicated Slavic and Hungarian folk-dance steps appears in ballet, as in Leo Delibes's Coppelia. Franz Liszt, in his Hungarian Rhapsodies, wrote music reminiscent of the czardas.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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19
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