a reversible fabric of linen, silk, cotton, or wool, woven with patterns.
napery of this material.
Also called damask steel. Damascus steel.
the pattern or wavy appearance peculiar to the surface of such steel.
the pink color of the damask rose.
made of or resembling damask: damask cloth.
of the pink color of the damask rose.
verb (used with object)
to damascene.
to weave or adorn with elaborate design, as damask cloth.

1200–50; Middle English damaske < Medieval Latin damascus, named after Damascus where fabrics were first made

undamasked, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
damask (ˈdæməsk)
1.  a.  a reversible fabric, usually silk or linen, with a pattern woven into it. It is used for table linen, curtains, etc
 b.  table linen made from this
 c.  (as modifier): a damask tablecloth
2.  short for Damascus steel
3.  the wavy markings on such steel
4.  a.  the greyish-pink colour of the damask rose
 b.  (as adjective): damask wallpaper
5.  (tr) another word for damascene
[C14: from Medieval Latin damascus, from Damascus, where this fabric was originally made]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-13c., Damaske "cloth from Damascus," the Syrian city, famous in medieval times for steel and silk.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


patterned textile, deriving its name from the fine patterned fabrics produced in Damascus (Syria) in the European Middle Ages. True damask was originally wholly of silk, but gradually the name came to be applied to a certain type of patterned fabric regardless of fibre. Single damask has one set each of warps and wefts, or fillings, and may be woven in one or two colours; compound or double damask has a greater number of fillings. Damask is woven on a Jacquard loom, the satin field being produced by floats of warp that pass over from two to seven and in some instances nine fillings. The design is a plain or taffeta weave, the warp and filling being at right angles that create less lustre than the satin areas

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
All of it done to not look done, as if any mortal could mix red velvet
  portieres with pink damask walls.
We settled into a stately sitting room furnished with a plump damask sofa and
  large armchairs.
Ruffles cascaded merrily, pitting their floating lightness against heavier,
  embellished fabrics such as damask.
At a photographer's request, she curled up on the damask ottoman in the nook
  formed by one wing of her butterfly staircase.
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