a seborrheic scurf that forms on the scalp and comes off in small scales.
Also, dandriff [dan-drif] .

1535–45; origin uncertain

dandruffy, dandriffy, adjective
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World English Dictionary
dandruff (ˈdændrəf)
Also called (now rarely): dandriff loose scales of dry dead skin shed from the scalp
[C16: dand-, of unknown origin + -ruff, probably from Middle English roufe scab, from Old Norse hrūfa]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1545, first element obscure, second element is Northumbrian or E. Anglian dial. huff, hurf "scab," from O.N. hrufa, from P.Gmc. *hreufaz, source of O.E. hreofla "leper."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dandruff dan·druff (dān'drəf)
A scaly scurf formed on and shed from the scalp.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
But there's a certain magic in all of that lint and dandruff and morning breath.
As it is, a tinkling dandruff of change scuttles behind the banquettes.
Li brushed the dandruff from his shoulders and hugged him with his hands.
If it happens on your scalp, it is called dandruff in adults and cradle cap in
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