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Decapolis

[dih-kap-uh-lis] /dɪˈkæp ə lɪs/
noun
1.
a region in the NE part of ancient Palestine: confederacy of ten cities in the 1st century b.c.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Decapolis

Decapolis

/dɪˈkæpəlɪs/
noun
1.
a league of ten cities, including Damascus, in the northeast of ancient Palestine: established in 63 bc by Pompey and governed by Rome
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Decapolis in the Bible

ten cities=deka, ten, and polis, a city, a district on the east and south-east of the Sea of Galilee containing "ten cities," which were chiefly inhabited by Greeks. It included a portion of Bashan and Gilead, and is mentioned three times in the New Testament (Matt. 4:25; Mark 5:20; 7:31). These cities were Scythopolis, i.e., "city of the Scythians", (ancient Bethshean, the only one of the ten cities on the west of Jordan), Hippos, Gadara, Pella (to which the Christians fled just before the destruction of Jerusalem), Philadelphia (ancient Rabbath-ammon), Gerasa, Dion, Canatha, Raphana, and Damascus. When the Romans conquered Syria (B.C. 65) they rebuilt, and endowed with certain privileges, these "ten cities," and the province connected with them they called "Decapolis."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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