decide

[dih-sahyd]
verb (used with object), decided, deciding.
1.
to solve or conclude (a question, controversy, or struggle) by giving victory to one side: The judge decided the case in favor of the plaintiff.
2.
to determine or settle (something in dispute or doubt): to decide an argument.
3.
to bring (a person) to a decision; persuade or convince: The new evidence decided him.
verb (used without object), decided, deciding.
4.
to settle something in dispute or doubt: The judge decided in favor of the plaintiff.
5.
to make a judgment or determine a preference; come to a conclusion.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English deciden < Middle French decider < Latin dēcīdere literally, to cut off, equivalent to dē- de- + -cīdere (combining form of caedere to cut)

decider, noun
predecide, verb (used with object), predecided, predeciding.
redecide, verb, redecided, redeciding.


1. Decide, resolve, determine imply settling upon a purpose and being able to adhere to it. To decide is to make up one's mind as to what shall be done and the way to do it: He decided to go today. To resolve is to show firmness of purpose: He resolved to ask for a promotion. To determine is to make up one's mind and then to stick to a fixed or settled purpose: determined to maintain his position at all costs.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
decide (dɪˈsaɪd)
 
vb
1.  (may take a clause or an infinitive as object; when intr, sometimes foll by on or about) to reach a decision: decide what you want; he decided to go
2.  (tr) to cause (a person) to reach a decision: the weather decided me against going
3.  (tr) to determine or settle (a contest or question): he decided his future plans
4.  (tr) to influence decisively the outcome of (a contest or question): Borg's stamina decided the match
5.  (intr; foll by for or against) to pronounce a formal verdict
 
[C14: from Old French decider, from Latin dēcīdere, literally: to cut off, from caedere to cut]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

decide
late 14c., from O.Fr. decider, from L. decidere "to decide," lit. "to cut off," from de- "off" + cædere "to cut" (see cement). For L. vowel change, see acquisition. Sense is of resolving difficulties "at a stroke." Originally "to settle
a dispute;" meaning "to make up one's mind" is attested from 1830. Decided in the adj. sense of "resolute" is from 1790. Decisive is c.1600. A decided victory is one whose reality is not in doubt; a decisive one goes far toward settling some issue. Related: Decidedly (1790).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The government has yet to decide on the size of that budget and how it will be
  financed.
If you decide to remove a big tree, make sure you are allowed to.
We were the first nation to reserve for ourselves the right to decide whether a
  controversy is domestic or international.
He struggles to decide whether the treatment will help or destroy his sense of
  self.
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