default

[dih-fawlt]
noun
1.
failure to act; inaction or neglect: They lost their best client by sheer default.
2.
failure to meet financial obligations.
3.
Law. failure to perform an act or obligation legally required, especially to appear in court or to plead at a time assigned.
4.
Sports. failure to arrive in time for, participate in, or complete a scheduled match.
5.
lack; want; absence.
6.
Computers. a value that a program or operating system assumes, or a course of action that a program or operating system will take, when the user or programmer specifies no overriding value or action.
verb (used without object)
7.
to fail in fulfilling or satisfying an engagement, claim, or obligation.
8.
to fail to meet financial obligations or to account properly for money in one's care: When he defaulted in his payments, the bank foreclosed on the car.
9.
Law. to fail to appear in court.
10.
Sports.
a.
to fail to participate in or complete a match.
b.
to lose a match by default.
verb (used with object)
11.
to fail to perform or pay: to default a debt.
12.
to declare to be in default, especially legally: The judge defaulted the defendant.
13.
Sports.
a.
to fail to compete in (a scheduled game, race, etc.).
b.
to lose by default.
14.
Law. to lose by failure to appear in court.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English defau(l)te < Anglo-French defalte, Old French defaute, derivative of defaillir, after faute, faillir. See de-, fault, fail

nondefaulting, adjective, noun
predefault, noun, verb
undefaulted, adjective
undefaulting, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To default
Collins
World English Dictionary
default (dɪˈfɔːlt)
 
n
1.  a failure to act, esp a failure to meet a financial obligation or to appear in a court of law at a time specified
2.  absence or lack
3.  by default in the absence of opposition or a better alternative: he became prime minister by default
4.  in default of through or in the lack or absence of
5.  law judgment by default a judgment in the plaintiff's favour when the defendant fails to plead or to appear
6.  lack, want, or need
7.  computing
 a.  the preset selection of an option offered by a system, which will always be followed except when explicitly altered
 b.  (as modifier): default setting
 
vb
8.  (intr; often foll by on or in) to fail to make payment when due
9.  (intr) to fail to fulfil or perform an obligation, engagement, etc: to default in a sporting contest
10.  law to lose (a case) by failure to appear in court
11.  (tr) to declare that (someone) is in default
 
[C13: from Old French defaute, from defaillir to fail, from Vulgar Latin dēfallīre (unattested) to be lacking]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

default
early 13c., "failure, failure to act," from O.Fr. defaute (12c.) "fault, defect, failure, culpability, lack, privation," from V.L. *defallita "a deficiency or failure," pp. of *defallere, from L. de- "away" + fallere "to deceive, to cheat; to put wrong, to lead astray, cause to be mistaken; to escape
notice of, be concealed from." The financial sense is first recorded 1858; the computing sense is from 1966.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

default definition


Failure to pay a debt when it is due.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

default definition

data
A value or thing to use when none is specified by the user. Defaults are important for making systems behave in a predictable way without the user having to give lots of "obvious" details.
For example: the default TCP/IP port for the HTTP protocol is 80, the Unix ls command does not list files whose names begin with ".", the default number base in most contexts is 10 (decimal), the default filename extension for Microsoft Word documents is ".doc".
(2009-02-20)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

default

see in default of.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Judgment by default is when the defendant does not appear in court on the day
  appointed.
When you first set up the device, you provide a credit card and choose an
  amount ($20 is the default) to purchase or rent movies.
The manual suggests operators change the default passwords.
The next day a default judgment against her arrived in the mail.
Idioms & Phrases
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature