deficiency disease

noun Pathology.
any illness associated with an insufficient supply of one or more essential dietary constituents.

Origin:
1910–15

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Collins
World English Dictionary
deficiency disease
 
n
1.  med Compare avitaminosis any condition, such as pellagra, beriberi, or scurvy, produced by a lack of vitamins or other essential substances
2.  botany any disease caused by lack of essential minerals

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

deficiency disease n.
A disease that is caused by a dietary deficiency of specific nutrients, especially a vitamin or mineral, possibly stemming from insufficient intake, digestion, absorption, or utilization of a nutrient. Also called insufficiency disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
She was born with combined immune deficiency disease, which doesn't allow her body to fight infection.
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