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dendrite

[den-drahyt] /ˈdɛn draɪt/
noun
1.
Petrology, Mineralogy.
  1. a branching figure or marking, resembling moss or a shrub or tree in form, found on or in certain stones or minerals due to the presence of a foreign material.
  2. any arborescent crystalline growth.
2.
Anatomy. the branching process of a neuron that conducts impulses toward the cell.
Origin
1720-1730
1720-30; < Greek dendrī́tēs pertaining to a tree, equivalent to dendr- dendr- + -ītēs -ite1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for dendrite
  • The other end leads back down the dendrite into the main body of the neuron.
  • Let's say there is a quantum fluctuation in a dendrite which gives rise to a tiny current.
  • When a smell molecule binds to a receptor, the receptor sends a signal up the dendrite to the cell body.
  • The chemicals break free en route to the next dendrite synapse.
British Dictionary definitions for dendrite

dendrite

/ˈdɛndraɪt/
noun
1.
Also called dendron. any of the short branched threadlike extensions of a nerve cell, which conduct impulses towards the cell body
2.
a branching mosslike crystalline structure in some rocks and minerals
3.
a crystal that has branched during growth and has a treelike form
Derived Forms
dendritic (dɛnˈdrɪtɪk), dendritical, adjective
dendritically, adverb
Word Origin
C18: from Greek dendritēs relating to a tree
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dendrite
dendrite
1727, from Gk. dendrites "of or pertaining to a tree," from dendron "tree."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dendrite in Medicine

dendrite den·drite (děn'drīt')
n.
Any of the various branched protoplasmic extensions of a nerve cell that conducts impulses from adjacent cells inward toward the cell body. Also called dendritic process, dendron, neurodendrite, neurodendron.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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dendrite in Science
dendrite
  (děn'drīt')   
  1. Any of several parts branching from the body of a neuron that receive and transmit nerve impulses.

  2. A mineral that has a branching crystal pattern. Dendrites often form within or on the surface of other minerals and often consist of manganese oxides.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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