dendrite

[den-drahyt]
noun
1.
Petrology, Mineralogy.
a.
a branching figure or marking, resembling moss or a shrub or tree in form, found on or in certain stones or minerals due to the presence of a foreign material.
b.
any arborescent crystalline growth.
2.
Anatomy. the branching process of a neuron that conducts impulses toward the cell.

Origin:
1720–30; < Greek dendrī́tēs pertaining to a tree, equivalent to dendr- dendr- + -ītēs -ite1

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World English Dictionary
dendrite (ˈdɛndraɪt)
 
n
1.  Also called: dendron any of the short branched threadlike extensions of a nerve cell, which conduct impulses towards the cell body
2.  a branching mosslike crystalline structure in some rocks and minerals
3.  a crystal that has branched during growth and has a treelike form
 
[C18: from Greek dendritēs relating to a tree]
 
dendritic
 
adj
 
den'dritical
 
adj
 
den'dritically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dendrite
1727, from Gk. dendrites "of or pertaining to a tree," from dendron "tree."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dendrite den·drite (děn'drīt')
n.
Any of the various branched protoplasmic extensions of a nerve cell that conducts impulses from adjacent cells inward toward the cell body. Also called dendritic process, dendron, neurodendrite, neurodendron.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
dendrite   (děn'drīt')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Any of several parts branching from the body of a neuron that receive and transmit nerve impulses.

  2. A mineral that has a branching crystal pattern. Dendrites often form within or on the surface of other minerals and often consist of manganese oxides.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The other end leads back down the dendrite into the main body of the neuron.
Let's say there is a quantum fluctuation in a dendrite which gives rise to a tiny current.
When a smell molecule binds to a receptor, the receptor sends a signal up the dendrite to the cell body.
The chemicals break free en route to the next dendrite synapse.
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