Classical Greek and Latin Grammar. (of a verb) appearing only in the passive or Greek middle-voice forms, but with active meaning.
Law. a person who testifies under oath, especially in writing.
Classical Greek and Latin Grammar. a deponent verb, as Latin loquor.

1520–30; < Latin dēpōnent- (stem of dēpōnēns) putting away (Medieval Latin: testifying), present participle of dēpōnere. See depone, -ent Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
deponent (dɪˈpəʊnənt)
1.  grammar (of a verb, esp in Latin) having the inflectional endings of a passive verb but the meaning of an active verb
2.  grammar a deponent verb
3.  law
 a.  a person who makes an affidavit
 b.  a person, esp a witness, who makes a deposition
[C16: from Latin dēpōnēns putting aside, putting down, from dēpōnere to put down, depone]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1520s, originally grammatical, from L. deponentem, prp. of deponere (see deposit). Meaning "one who makes a deposition" is from 1540s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The deponent will be sworn in by the designated officer.
Only the deponent and any exhibits or demonstrative aids used in the examination will be video recorded.
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