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derive

[dih-rahyv] /dɪˈraɪv/
verb (used with object), derived, deriving.
1.
to receive or obtain from a source or origin (usually followed by from).
2.
to trace from a source or origin.
3.
to reach or obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer.
4.
Chemistry. to produce or obtain (a substance) from another.
verb (used without object), derived, deriving.
5.
to come from a source or origin; originate (often followed by from).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English diriven, deriven to flow, draw from, spring < Anglo-French, Old French deriver < Latin dērīvāre to lead off, equivalent to dē- de- + rīv(us) a stream + -āre infinitive suffix
Related forms
derivable, adjective
deriver, noun
nonderivable, adjective
prederive, verb (used with object), prederived, prederiving.
self-derived, adjective
underivable, adjective
well-derived, adjective
Synonyms
1. gain, attain, glean, gather, reap, net.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for derive
  • It is impossible to derive an objective conclusion, or even hypothesis, regarding trust from a simple question.
  • It is arrogant to assert those who derive pride from online victories are 'wrong', 'irrational' or 'illogical'.
  • It may derive from “juke house,” a slang reference to bawdy house, where music was not unknown.
  • If we're lucky, we may derive one great benefit from this horrible experience.
  • All these words derive from a form of the Latin verb ''gerere,'' meaning to act or carry.
  • They're usually network broadcast feeds, but some derive from stadium-only feeds.
  • From the experience of the past we derive instructive lessons for the future.
  • Her step-by-step instructions and exercises derive from her 30 years experience as a teacher of writing.
  • You seem to derive great pleasure in overturning our basic assumptions.
  • It derives from the expansion of the universe.
British Dictionary definitions for derive

derive

/dɪˈraɪv/
verb
1.
(usually foll by from) to draw or be drawn (from) in source or origin; trace or be traced
2.
(transitive) to obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer
3.
(transitive) to trace the source or development of
4.
(usually foll by from) to produce or be produced (from) by a chemical reaction
5.
(maths) to obtain (a function) by differentiation
Derived Forms
derivable, adjective
deriver, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French deriver to spring from, from Latin dērīvāre to draw off, from de- + rīvus a stream
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for derive
derive
late 14c., from O.Fr. deriver, from L. derivare "to lead or draw off (a stream of water) from its source," from phrase de rivo (de "from" + rivus "stream;" see rivulet). Etymological sense is c.1560. Related: Derived.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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derive in Medicine

derive de·rive (dĭ-rīv')
v. de·rived, de·riv·ing, de·rives

  1. To obtain or receive from a source.

  2. To produce or obtain a chemical compound from another substance by chemical reaction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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