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derrick

[der-ik] /ˈdɛr ɪk/
noun
1.
Machinery. a jib crane having a boom hinged near the base of the mast so as to rotate about the mast, for moving a load toward or away from the mast by raising or lowering the boom.
2.
Also called oil derrick. the towerlike framework over an oil well or the like.
3.
a boom for lifting cargo, pivoted at its inner end to a ship's mast or kingpost, and raised and supported at its outer end by topping lifts.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
4.
Machinery, luff.
Origin
originally a hangman, the gallows, after the surname of a well-known Tyburn hangman, circa 1600
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for derrick
  • derrick is spying and reading somebody's email because he doubts their honesty.
  • At the center, overwhelming everything else, was the derrick.
British Dictionary definitions for derrick

derrick

/ˈdɛrɪk/
noun
1.
a simple crane having lifting tackle slung from a boom
2.
the framework erected over an oil well to enable drill tubes to be raised and lowered
verb
3.
to raise or lower the jib of (a crane)
Word Origin
C17 (in the sense: gallows): from Derrick, name of a celebrated hangman at Tyburn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for derrick
n.

c.1600, originally "hangman," then "a gallows," then "hoist, crane" (1727), from surname of a hangman at Tyburn gallows, London, c.1606-1608, often referred to in contemporary theater. The name represents a late borrowing from the Low Countries (cf. Dutch Diederik) of Old High German Theodric.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for derrick

derrick

noun

A shoplifter (1908+ Underworld)

verb

To remove a player from a game: Shotton derricked him in favor of Cookie Lavagetto (1943+ Baseball)

[fr the notion of lifting on a derrick; the contrivance commemorates a Tyburn hangman of that name, who practiced about 1600]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Encyclopedia Article for derrick

apparatus with a tackle rigged at the end of a beam for hoisting and lowering. Its name is derived from that of a famous early 17th-century hangman of Tyburn, Eng. In the petroleum industry, a derrick consisting of a framework or tower of wood or steel is erected over the deep drill holes of oil wells to support the tackle for boring, to raise and lower the drilling tools in the well, and to insert and remove the well casing or pipe. Similar smaller structures mounted on trucks are also called derricks. The derrick is a type of crane (q.v.).

Learn more about derrick with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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14
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