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dervish

[dur-vish] /ˈdɜr vɪʃ/
noun
1.
a member of any of various Muslim ascetic orders, as the Sufis, some of which carry on ecstatic observances, such as energetic dancing and whirling or vociferous chanting or shouting.
Origin of dervish
1575-1585
1575-85; < Turkish < Persian darvīsh poor man, beggar
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for dervish

dervish

/ˈdɜːvɪʃ/
noun
1.
a member of any of various Muslim orders of ascetics, some of which (whirling dervishes) are noted for a frenzied, ecstatic, whirling dance
Derived Forms
dervish-like, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Turkish: beggar, from Persian darvīsh mendicant monk
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for dervish
n.

1580s, from Turkish dervish, from Persian darvesh, darvish "beggar, poor," hence "religious mendicant;" equivalent of Arabic faqir (cf. fakir). The "whirling dervishes" are just one order among many. Originally dervis; modern spelling is from mid-19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
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