a member of any of various Muslim ascetic orders, as the Sufis, some of which carry on ecstatic observances, such as energetic dancing and whirling or vociferous chanting or shouting.

1575–85; < Turkish < Persian darvīsh poor man, beggar Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dervish (ˈdɜːvɪʃ)
a member of any of various Muslim orders of ascetics, some of which (whirling dervishes) are noted for a frenzied, ecstatic, whirling dance
[C16: from Turkish: beggar, from Persian darvīsh mendicant monk]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1585, from Turk. dervish, from Pers. darvesh, darvish "beggar, poor," hence "religious mendicant;" equivalent of Arabic faqir (cf. fakir). The "whirling dervishes" are just one order among many.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for dervish
One day, the protagonists seek out a dervish known as a great philosopher of the land.
Begging while commonly the term dervish is used to describe beggars, dr.
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