|1.||the title given to commanders or (from 1710) governors of the Janissaries of Algiers (1671--1830)|
|2.||a title applied by Western writers to various other Ottoman governors, such as the bey of Tunis|
|[C17: from French, from Turkish dayi, literally: maternal uncle, hence title given to an older person]|
in the Ottoman provinces of Algiers and Tunis, an honorary title conferred upon exceptionally able corsair leaders; also, a lower rank of officer in the Janissaries. In late 16th-century Tunis, a dey commanded the army and eventually was in sole control of the state, but by 1705 the title had disappeared from official lists. The head of the Algerian regency, elected by fellow Janissary officers (from 1689), was titled dey, and, though his family life was restricted to prevent succession claims and he was confined to Algiers, he had virtually absolute power; 30 such deys ruled Algiers in succession between 1671 and 1830
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