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dharma

[dahr-muh, duhr-] /ˈdɑr mə, ˈdʌr-/
noun, Hinduism, Buddhism.
1.
essential quality or character, as of the cosmos or one's own nature.
2.
conformity to religious law, custom, duty, or one's own quality or character.
3.
4.
5.
law, especially religious law.
6.
the doctrine or teaching of the Buddha.
Pali dhamma
[duhm-uh] /ˈdʌm ə/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1790-1800
1790-1800; < Sanskrit: custom, duty, akin to dhārayati holds, maintains
Related forms
dharmic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for dhamma

dhamma

/ˈdɑːmə; ˈdʌmə/
noun
1.
(Buddhism) a variant of dharma
Word Origin
from Pali, from Sanskrit: see dharma

dharma

/ˈdɑːmə/
noun
1.
(Hinduism) social custom regarded as a religious and moral duty
2.
(Hinduism)
  1. the essential principle of the cosmos; natural law
  2. conduct that conforms with this
3.
(Buddhism) ideal truth as set forth in the teaching of Buddha
Word Origin
Sanskrit: habit, usage, law, from dhārayati he holds
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for dhamma

dharma

n.

1796, in secular sense, "caste custom, right behavior;" in Buddhism and Hinduism, "moral law," from Sanskrit, "law, right, justice," related to dharayati "holds," and cognate with Latin firmus, all from PIE root *dher- (2) "to hold firmly, support" (see firm (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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