diabetes

[dahy-uh-bee-tis, -teez]
noun Pathology.
1.
any of several disorders characterized by increased urine production.
2.
Also called diabetes mellitus [mel-i-tuhs, muh-lahy-] . a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, usually occurring in genetically predisposed individuals, characterized by inadequate production or utilization of insulin and resulting in excessive amounts of glucose in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, weight loss, and in some cases progressive destruction of small blood vessels leading to such complications as infections and gangrene of the limbs or blindness.
3.
Also called type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes. a severe form of diabetes mellitus in which insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas is impaired, usually resulting in dependence on externally administered insulin, the onset of the disease typically occurring before the age of 25.
4.
Also called type 2 diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes. a mild, sometimes asymptomatic form of diabetes mellitus characterized by diminished tissue sensitivity to insulin and sometimes by impaired beta cell function, exacerbated by obesity and often treatable by diet and exercise.
5.
Also called diabetes insipidus [in-sip-i-duhs] . increased urine production caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin by the pituary gland.

Origin:
1555–65; < Neo-Latin, Latin < Greek, equivalent to diabē- (variant stem of diabaínein to go through, pass over, equivalent to dia- dia- + baínein to pass) + -tēs agent suffix

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World English Dictionary
diabetes (ˌdaɪəˈbiːtɪs, -tiːz)
 
n
any of various disorders, esp diabetes mellitus, characterized by excretion of an abnormally large amount of urine
 
[C16: from Latin: siphon, from Greek, literally: a passing through (referring to the excessive urination), from diabainein to pass through, cross over; see diabase]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

diabetes
1560s, from L. diabetes, from Gk. diabetes "excessive discharge of urine," lit. "a passer-through, siphon," from diabainein "to pass through," from dia- "through" + bainein "to go" (see come). An old native name for it was pissing evil.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

diabetes di·a·be·tes (dī'ə-bē'tĭs, -tēz)
n.
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Experience with community based translational research in obesity and diabetes
  prevention is preferred.
People living with diabetes who inject insulin are not covered by the
  recommendations in this guidance.
Embryonic stem cells may someday help doctors treat ills ranging from paralysis
  to diabetes.
He died of complications from diabetes the following year.
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