dictator

[dik-tey-ter, dik-tey-ter]
noun
1.
a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession.
2.
(in ancient Rome) a person invested with supreme authority during a crisis, the regular magistracy being subordinated to him until the crisis was met.
3.
a person who authoritatively prescribes conduct, usage, etc.: a dictator of fashion.
4.
a person who dictates, as to a secretary.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin dictātor, equivalent to dictā(re) (see dictate) + -tor -tor

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dictator (dɪkˈteɪtə)
 
n
1.  a.  a ruler who is not effectively restricted by a constitution, laws, recognized opposition, etc
 b.  an absolute, esp tyrannical, ruler
2.  (in ancient Rome) a person appointed during a crisis to exercise supreme authority
3.  a person who makes pronouncements, as on conduct, fashion, etc, which are regarded as authoritative
4.  a person who behaves in an authoritarian or tyrannical manner
 
dictatress
 
fem n
 
dictatrix
 
fem n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dictator
late 14c., from L. dictator, agent noun from dictare (see dictate). Transf. sense of "one who has absolute power or authority" in any sphere is from c.1600. In Latin use, a dictator was a judge in the Roman republic temporarily invested with absolute power.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Khrushchev "sort of became my favorite Communist dictator—not that
  that's a tough list to make," he says.
The dictator had imperium and absolute power in all.
He has since sold himself as the indispensable dictator.
Instead, it is the replacement of one dictator with another.
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