dictum

[dik-tuhm]
noun, plural dicta [dik-tuh] , dictums.
1.
an authoritative pronouncement; judicial assertion.
2.
a saying; maxim.

Origin:
1660–70; < Latin: something said, a saying, command, word, noun use of neuter past participle of dīcere to say, speak; cf. index


1. edict, decree, fiat, order, declaration. 2. adage, proverb, truism, saw.
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World English Dictionary
dictum (ˈdɪktəm)
 
n , pl -tums, -ta
1.  a formal or authoritative statement or assertion; pronouncement
2.  a popular saying or maxim
3.  law See obiter dictum
 
[C16: from Latin, from dīcere to say]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dictum
1670, from L. dictum "thing said," neut. of dictus, pp. of dicere "say" (see diction). In legal use, a judge's expression of opinion which is not the formal resolution of a case.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Another dictum: perception is reality.
The old Washington dictum of "don't do anything unless there's a
  crisis" has taken on the status of international law.
And we've gone a whole lot farther than following our mother's dictum to wash
  our hands before dinner.
As a dictum, it served him well, but it hardly amounts to a business model.
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