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dirge

[durj] /dɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
2.
any composition resembling such a song or tune in character, as a poem of lament for the dead or solemn, mournful music:
Tennyson's dirge for the Duke of Wellington.
3.
a mournful sound resembling a dirge:
The autumn wind sang the dirge of summer.
4.
Ecclesiastical. the office of the dead, or the funeral service as sung.
Origin of dirge
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English dir(i)ge < Latin: direct, syncopated variant of dīrige (imperative of dīrigere), first word of the antiphon sung in the Latin office of the dead (Psalm V, 8)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for dirge

dirge

/dɜːdʒ/
noun
1.
a chant of lamentation for the dead
2.
the funeral service in its solemn or sung forms
3.
any mourning song or melody
Derived Forms
dirgeful, adjective
Word Origin
C13: changed from Latin dīrigē direct (imperative), opening word of the Latin antiphon used in the office of the dead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dirge
n.

early 13c., dirige (current contracted form is from c.1400), from Latin dirige "direct!" imperative of dirigere "to direct," probably from antiphon Dirige, Domine, Deus meus, in conspectu tuo viam meam, "Direct, O Lord, my God, my way in thy sight," from Psalm v:9, which opened the Matins service in the Office of the Dead. Transferred sense of "any funeral song" is from c.1500.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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7
8
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