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dirge

[durj] /dɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
2.
any composition resembling such a song or tune in character, as a poem of lament for the dead or solemn, mournful music:
Tennyson's dirge for the Duke of Wellington.
3.
a mournful sound resembling a dirge:
The autumn wind sang the dirge of summer.
4.
Ecclesiastical. the office of the dead, or the funeral service as sung.
Origin of dirge
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English dir(i)ge < Latin: direct, syncopated variant of dīrige (imperative of dīrigere), first word of the antiphon sung in the Latin office of the dead (Psalm V, 8)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for dirge
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • “Damn” is often the feeblest of expletives, and “as you please” may be the dirge of an empire.

    Style Walter Raleigh
  • Sometimes, by way of providing a varied entertainment, they sing a dirge.

    The Devil's Dictionary Ambrose Bierce
  • With that sound moaning behind him he went up out of the hollow, like a man setting forth to the music of his own dirge.

    The Tree of Life Catherine Lucille Moore
  • But it was only the cold wind from the mountains whistling a dirge.

    The Rock of Chickamauga Joseph A. Altsheler
  • No more—no more—with the wail of that dirge in their ears the men went back to their labour exceedingly sad in spirit.

    Mortomley's Estate, Vol. II (of 3) Charlotte Elizabeth Lawson Cowan Riddell
  • But my dread of that dirge kept me from accepting these invitations.

    My Reminiscences Rabindranath Tagore
  • This little poem was written long after many of these that follow, but is inserted here as a kind of dirge to the foregoing piece.

British Dictionary definitions for dirge

dirge

/dɜːdʒ/
noun
1.
a chant of lamentation for the dead
2.
the funeral service in its solemn or sung forms
3.
any mourning song or melody
Derived Forms
dirgeful, adjective
Word Origin
C13: changed from Latin dīrigē direct (imperative), opening word of the Latin antiphon used in the office of the dead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dirge
n.

early 13c., dirige (current contracted form is from c.1400), from Latin dirige "direct!" imperative of dirigere "to direct," probably from antiphon Dirige, Domine, Deus meus, in conspectu tuo viam meam, "Direct, O Lord, my God, my way in thy sight," from Psalm v:9, which opened the Matins service in the Office of the Dead. Transferred sense of "any funeral song" is from c.1500.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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