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disarray

[dis-uh-rey] /ˌdɪs əˈreɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to put out of array or order; throw into disorder.
2.
to undress.
noun
3.
disorder; confusion:
The army retreated in disarray.
4.
disorder of apparel.
Origin of disarray
late Middle English
1350-1400
1350-1400; (noun) late Middle English; Middle English disrai, d(e)rai < Anglo-French dissairay, Old French desaroi; (v.) Middle English disarayen < Anglo-French desaraier, Old French desareer; see dis-1, array
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for disarray
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In her disarray she looked prettier than he had ever remembered her.

  • For a few seconds she lay in her helpless attitude and disarray.

    Dracula Bram Stoker
  • The floor was littered with tissue paper, broken cardboard-boxes, empty toilet-bottles, and all the disarray of departure.

    Sinister Street, vol. 1 Compton Mackenzie
  • About her she peered in vain for something to protect her disarray.

    Darkness and Dawn George Allan England
  • You make an admirable setting for them, Captain, but the ruffles are somewhat in disarray.

    A Daughter of Raasay William MacLeod Raine
British Dictionary definitions for disarray

disarray

/ˌdɪsəˈreɪ/
noun
1.
confusion, dismay, and lack of discipline
2.
(esp of clothing) disorderliness; untidiness
verb (transitive)
3.
to throw into confusion
4.
(archaic) to undress
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for disarray
v.

late 14c.; see dis- "lack of" + array. Perhaps formed on the analogy of Old French desareer.

n.

early 15c., "disorder, confusion;" see disarray (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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