verb (used with object), disheveled, disheveling or (especially British) dishevelled, dishevelling.
to let down, as hair, or wear or let hang in loose disorder, as clothing.
to cause untidiness and disarray in: The wind disheveled the papers on the desk.

1590–1600; back formation from disheveled

dishevelment, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dishevel (dɪˈʃɛvəl)
vb , (US) -els, -elling, -elled, -els, -eling, -eled
to disarrange (the hair or clothes) of (someone)
[C15: back formation from dishevelled]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. deschevele, pp. of descheveler "to disarrange the hair," from des- "apart" + chevel "hair," from L. capillus "hair."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He still wore the clothes in which he had slept, but in his intellectual dishevelment he had little concern for his appearance.
Repeated episodes of gross impairment or dishevelment.
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