a person who dissents.
disagreeing or dissenting, as in opinion or attitude: a ban on dissident magazines.

1525–35; < Latin dissident- (stem of dissidēns, present participle of dissidēre to sit apart), equivalent to dis- dis-1 + -sid- (combining form of sed- sit) + -ent- -ent

dissidently, adverb
antidissident, noun, adjective
nondissident, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dissident (ˈdɪsɪdənt)
1.  disagreeing; dissenting
2.  a person who disagrees, esp one who disagrees with the government
[C16: from Latin dissidēre to be remote from, from dis-1 + sedēre to sit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from L. dissidentem (nom. dissidens), prp. of dissidere "to be remote, disagree, be removed from," lit. "to sit apart," from dis- "apart" + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). The noun in the political sense first used 1940, with rise of totalitarian systems, especially
with ref. to the Soviet Union. The noun is first recorded 1766, in allusion to Protestants.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One thing keeping them away is the threat of censorship, and fear of being identified as a dissident.
He was a dissident and a Czech patriot.
In the Soviet age, he was to be known as a dissident.
Tens of thousands have marched in a funeral for a dissident cleric in Iran.
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