a person who dissents.
disagreeing or dissenting, as in opinion or attitude: a ban on dissident magazines.

1525–35; < Latin dissident- (stem of dissidēns, present participle of dissidēre to sit apart), equivalent to dis- dis-1 + -sid- (combining form of sed- sit) + -ent- -ent

dissidently, adverb
antidissident, noun, adjective
nondissident, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dissident (ˈdɪsɪdənt)
1.  disagreeing; dissenting
2.  a person who disagrees, esp one who disagrees with the government
[C16: from Latin dissidēre to be remote from, from dis-1 + sedēre to sit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from L. dissidentem (nom. dissidens), prp. of dissidere "to be remote, disagree, be removed from," lit. "to sit apart," from dis- "apart" + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). The noun in the political sense first used 1940, with rise of totalitarian systems, especially
with ref. to the Soviet Union. The noun is first recorded 1766, in allusion to Protestants.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

dissidents definition

Persons who refuse to conform to prevailing political and social values.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Dissidents are increasingly vocal, and independent media outlets have
Police arrested dissidents and monitored contacts with foreigners.
Most people think of it as a barren, snowy wasteland, or place of exile for
Despite the country's tremendous economic growth, the government still
  maintains strict control over dissidents.
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