distill

[dih-stil]
verb (used with object)
1.
to subject to a process of vaporization and subsequent condensation, as for purification or concentration.
2.
to extract the volatile components of by distillation; transform by distillation.
3.
to concentrate, purify, or obtain by or as by distillation: to distill whiskey from mash.
4.
to remove by distillation (usually followed by off or out ): to distill out impurities.
5.
to extract the essential elements of; refine; abstract: She managed to distill her ideas into one succinct article.
6.
to let fall in drops; give forth in or as in drops: The cool of the night distills the dew.
verb (used without object)
7.
to undergo or perform distillation.
8.
to become vaporized and then condensed in distillation.
9.
to drop, pass, or condense as a distillate.
10.
to fall in drops; trickle; exude.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English distillen (< Anglo-French distiller) < Latin distillāre, variant of dēstillāre, equivalent to dē- de- + stillāre to drip

distillable, adjective
nondistillable, adjective
redistill, verb (used with object)
redistillable, adjective
redistillableness, noun
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World English Dictionary
distil or distill (dɪsˈtɪl)
 
vb (sometimes foll by out or off) , -tils, -tills, -tilling, -tilled
1.  See also rectify to subject to or undergo distillation
2.  to purify, separate, or concentrate, or be purified, separated, or concentrated by distillation
3.  to obtain or be obtained by distillation: to distil whisky
4.  to exude or give off (a substance) in drops or small quantities
5.  (tr) to extract the essence of as if by distillation
 
[C14: from Latin dēstillāre to distil, from de- + stillāre to drip]
 
distill or distill
 
vb
 
[C14: from Latin dēstillāre to distil, from de- + stillāre to drip]
 
dis'tillable or distill
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

distill
late 14c., from O.Fr. distiller, from L. distillare "trickle down in minute drops," from dis- "apart" + stillare "to drip, drop," from stilla "drop." Related: Distilled; distilling.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

distill dis·till (dĭ-stĭl)
v. dis·tilled or dis·tilled, dis·till·ing or dis·til·ling, dis·tills or dis·tils

  1. To subject a substance to distillation.

  2. To separate a distillate by distillation.

  3. To increase the concentration of, separate, or purify a substance by distillation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The standard way to do it is to distill the pure compound and measure the temperature at the top of the distillation column.
The heat might even be reused to also distill fresh water for local seaside
  communities.
The idea is to take the essence of what they do, and distill it to the
  hardcore, and work with that.
Refinement of petroleum isn't emission free when they distill it either.
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