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[div-i-dend] /ˈdɪv ɪˌdɛnd/
Mathematics. a number that is to be divided by a divisor.
Law. a sum out of an insolvent estate paid to creditors.
  1. a pro-rata share in an amount to be distributed.
  2. a sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation out of earnings.
Insurance. (in participating insurance) a distribution to a policyholder of a portion of the premium not needed by the company to pay claims or to meet expenses.
a share of anything divided.
anything received as a bonus, reward, or in addition to or beyond what is expected:
Swimming is fun, and gives you the dividend of better health.
Origin of dividend
1470-80; < Latin dīvidendum thing to be divided, neuter gerund of dīvidere to divide
Related forms
superdividend, noun
5. allotment, portion. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for dividend
  • The only way you can get a negative result is for either the divisor or dividend to be negative from the beginning.
  • Note that the first $50 of dividends from stock you get is tax-free.
  • Give him a few shares of a high-dividend stock.
  • Unless entire villages see community recovery as a peace dividend, Jones says, reintegration isn't likely to take root.
  • And it cut its quarterly dividend to 5 cents a share, from 13.25 cents a share.
  • Stock yields no dividends until claims of bondholders have been met.
  • Accumulate it until the dividends cover your gasoline expenses.
  • By law, these are not considered dividends but returns of overpayment.
  • In the 1950s, nine out of ten American companies paid dividends.
  • If you can stand even more risk, consider a blue-chip stock with a decent dividend and a history of raising it.
British Dictionary definitions for dividend


  1. a distribution from the net profits of a company to its shareholders
  2. a pro-rata portion of this distribution received by a shareholder
the share of a cooperative society's surplus allocated at the end of a period to members
(insurance) a sum of money distributed from a company's net profits to the holders of certain policies
something extra; bonus
a number or quantity to be divided by another number or quantity Compare divisor
(law) the proportion of an insolvent estate payable to the creditors
Word Origin
C15: from Latin dīvidendum what is to be divided; see divide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dividend

late 15c., from Middle French dividende "a number divided by another," from Latin dividendum "thing to be divided," neuter gerundive of dividere (see divide). Mathematical sense is from 1540s. Meaning "portion of interest on a loan, stock, etc." is from 1620s. Related: Dividends.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dividend in Science
A number divided by another. In the equation 15 ÷ 3 = 5, 15 is the dividend.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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dividend in Culture

dividend definition

A payment to the stockholders of a corporation from the corporation's earnings.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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